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Bible Question and Answer

Is there any evidence in Genesis for a "pre-Adam man"?

Bob Prichard

Topic(s): Old Testament

Dr. Thomas Chalmers of Edinburgh University originated the idea of a race of men before Adam in 1814. He wanted to reconcile belief in the geological ages timetable with the biblical account of creation. Chalmers taught that there was a gap between Genesis 1:1 and Genesis 1:2 of millions of years. According to his theory, dinosaurs and other animals evolved, and even a pre-Adam race of men (or man-like primates) lived, and then because of Satan's rebellion God destroyed His perfect creation of Genesis 1:1. After this, man and our present world were re-created from the old world.

As to a pre-Adam race of men, the New Testament is clear that Adam was the first man. Paul wrote, And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit (1 Corinthians 15:45). (The last Adam is a reference to Christ.) Jesus Himself said, from the beginning of the creation God made them male and female (Mark 10:6). Christ dates the very first human couple from the beginning of the creation, that is, from the creation week of Genesis 1. Not only this, but if a pre-Adam world was destroyed because of Satan's rebellion, then sin and death were a part of the world before the fall of Adam and Eve. But Paul states, since by man [Adam] came death, by man [Christ] came also the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive (1 Corinthians 15:21-22). Sin and death came into the world when Adam and Eve listened to Satan and disobeyed God. God's words to Adam were, Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of it: cursed is the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy life; Thorns also and thistles shall it bring forth to thee; and thou shalt eat the herb of the field; In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return (Genesis 3:17-19).

Genesis 1:1 reads, In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. The gap theory says millions of years elapsed before Genesis 1:2, which reads And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. The only reason to insert this period into the text is to accommodate the geological timetable, which some scientists say show that the earth is millions of years old. The gap theory requires a destruction of the earth so severe as to make the earth without form and void, but scientists generally reject this type of world-wide event. While the gap theory cannot supply such an event, the world-wide Genesis flood more readily explains the geological record. And the Genesis flood does not require inserting millions of years into the Genesis record, or a re-creation of the earth. Exodus 20:11 clearly states, In six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it. This leaves no room for a gap.

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Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven.
Matthew 7:21
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